Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11667/116
Appears in Collections:University of Stirling Research Data
Title: Datasets on counterfactual reasoning and false belief attribution over the lifespan (Experiment 1)
Creator(s): Rafetseder, Eva
Perner, Josef
Contact Email: eva.rafetseder@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Socio-cognitive Development
Citation: Rafetseder, E; Perner, J (2019): Datasets on counterfactual reasoning and false belief attribution over the lifespan (Experiment 1). University of Stirling, Faculty of Natural Sciences. Dataset. http://hdl.handle.net/11667/116
Publisher: University of Stirling, Faculty of Natural Sciences
Dataset Description (Abstract): Increasing evidence suggests that counterfactual reasoning is involved in false belief reasoning. We add to this evidence by showing that a hallmark error of early counterfactual reasoning appears in a false belief test that makes that error possible. In two experiments we tested 3- to 14-year-olds and found high positive correlations (rs = .56 and rs = .73) between counterfactual and false belief questions. Children were very likely to respond to both questions with the same answer, also committing the same type of error. We discuss different theories and their ability to account for each aspect of our findings and conclude that reasoning about others’ beliefs and actions requires similar cognitive processes as using counterfactual suppositions. Our findings question the explanatory power of standard views, theory theory and simulation theory, in favour of views that explicitly provide for a relationship between false belief reasoning and counterfactual reasoning.
Dataset Description (TOC): Raw data from experiment
Type: dataset
Contract/Grant Title: Counterfactual Reasoning in Children
Funder(s): Austrian Science Fund
Contract/Grant Number: I140-G15
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11667/116
Rights: Rights covered by the standard CC-BY 4.0 licence: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Affiliation(s) of Dataset Creator(s): University of Stirling (Psychology)
University of Salzburg

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